How's your FICO Score?
Since we live in an automated society, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage boils down to a single number.
Credit reporting agencies use your loan payment history to create this score.
Each of the three credit agencies has its own formula for building your credit score. The original FICO model was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While the formulas vary, the differences aren't huge; each agency uses the following in calculating your score:
- Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- Late Payments - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you have? How much do you owe?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. FICO scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is better. Most people getting a mortgage loan these days have a score above 620.
Your credit score greatly affects how much you pay in interest every month
FICO scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Raising your credit score
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. Because the FICO score is based on your lifelong credit history, it is difficult to change it quickly. (Of course you must remove incorrect data on your credit report.)
Know your FICO score
In order to improve your FICO score, you've got to obtain the reports that are used to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive to get your FICO score from all three agencies, along with your credit report. Also available are helpful information and online tools that can help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report every year from all three credit reporting agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. While this report does not include a free credit score, the cost to "upgrade" your report to include a credit score is very reasonable.
Armed with this info, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the most favorable mortgage.
Want to know more about credit scores? Give us a call: 407-834-3377.
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