Lenders use a ratio called "debt to income" to decide your maximum monthly payment after your other recurring debts have been paid.
About the qualifying ratio
In general, conventional loans need a qualifying ratio of 28/36. An FHA loan will usually allow for a higher debt load, reflected in a higher (29/41) ratio.
For these ratios, the first number is how much (by percent) of your gross monthly income that can go toward housing. This ratio is figured on your total payment, including homeowners' insurance, HOA dues, PMI - everything.
The second number is what percent of your gross income every month which can be applied to housing expenses and recurring debt. Recurring debt includes things like car loans, child support and monthly credit card payments.
- Gross monthly income of $3,500 x .28 = $980 can be applied to housing
- Gross monthly income of $3,500 x .36 = $1,260 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses
With a 29/41 (FHA) qualifying ratio
- Gross monthly income of $3,500 x .29 = $1,015 can be applied to housing
- Gross monthly income of $3,500 x .41 = $1,435 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses
If you'd like to calculate pre-qualification numbers on your own income and expenses, use this Mortgage Qualification Calculator.
Remember these ratios are just guidelines. We'd be thrilled to go over pre-qualification to help you determine how large a mortgage loan you can afford.
Contemporary Mortgage Services, Inc can answer questions about these ratios and many others. Give us a call: 407-834-3377.
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